Before India announced its coronavirus lockdown earlier this year, Mohammed Khaled had been working as an administrative assistant at a small garment factory in Mumbai’s Dharavi slums.

After the restrictions cut his salary in half, it became impossible for Khaled and his family to pay for rent and food. So in June he and his wife packed their bags and returned to his hometown, Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh, which is known for its leather goods manufacturing industry. Khaled hoped to make a fresh…