This document summarises country experiences and perspectives relating to the objective and application of different population-wide testing approaches and discusses the options in the context of the EU/EEA and the UK. The testing of all individuals in a specific setting as part of an outbreak investigation (e.g. related to an occupational setting) or a research study are not considered to be population-wide testing in the context of this document. Details on the screening of particular targeted populations (e.g. testing of pregnant women on labour and delivery wards, testing of residents and staff in long-term care facilities, testing of all patients prior to surgery, etc.) are also not included in this document.