Long before the Covid-19 pandemic, climate movements had appeared globally and impacted the coal industry. For example, in 2019, a YouTube video titled “Sexy Killers” became a trending topic in Indonesia and damaged the image of coal in the country. The perception of coal as “dirty energy” and moves to phase it out have put the industry in a tough spot.However, completely phasing out coal would be impractical in the short and medium-term for ensuring energy security in the Association of…